Knowledge of the ABCDE Criteria Among Patients with Skin Cancer
AAPA ePoster library. Andreeff R. 05/17/17; 180486; 58
Renee Andreeff
Renee Andreeff
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Abstract
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Purpose: Malignant Melanoma (MM) is the leading cause of death among all other skin cancers (Linares et al., 2015; Nahar et al., 2015). Patients with metastatic disease have poor prognosis and due to the aggressive nature of MM, early detection is imperative and is of great prognostic relevance (Hamidi et al., 2008; Korner et al., 2013; Nahar et al., 2015). The purpose of this survey study was to evaluate knowledge of the ABCDE criteria among patients with skin cancer in Western New York. This study intended to isolate any deficits in patents' knowledge of the ABCDE criteria and emphasize education on deficient areas. Methodology: Full IRB approval was granted. An anonymous face-validated 19 question survey was administered to eligible participants at a single, private suburban dermatology clinic in Western New York over a period of four weeks by the office staff. Eligibility criteria included any patient above the age of 18 with a confirmed diagnosis of any skin cancer (melanoma and non-melanoma). Survey questions included demographics (i.e. age, gender, race, educational level, number of skin cancer occurrences, and type of skin cancer), and knowledge questions regarding the ABDCE criteria. 113 surveys were collected and analyzed using SPSS. Results: The sample as a whole was composed of mostly male participants (59.3%, n = 67), with a mean age of 70 years, that were mostly Caucasian (96.5%, n = 109). Total number of skin cancer diagnoses per patient was mostly one (40.7%, n = 46) followed by 26.5% (n = 30) of participants reported to have had four or more skin cancer diagnoses. The results of this study also revealed that 86.7% (n = 98) of participants have never heard of the ABCDE criteria. Only one out of nine melanoma patients admitted to having heard of the criteria. When asked about the individual components of the ABCDE criteria, participants had the best knowledge of mole asymmetry (96.5%, n = 109), followed by color (79.7%, n = 90), evolution (74.3%, n = 84), border (71.7%, n = 81), and lastly diameter (69.0%, n = 78). Conclusion: This study provided information about patients with an established history of skin cancer, who reside in Western New York. The study focused on assessing this population's awareness and knowledge of the ABCDE criteria. The ultimate goal was to improve the patient's role in the detection of early MM by providing education with an emphasis on knowledge of the ABCDE criteria. Despite lacking knowledge of the ...
Purpose: Malignant Melanoma (MM) is the leading cause of death among all other skin cancers (Linares et al., 2015; Nahar et al., 2015). Patients with metastatic disease have poor prognosis and due to the aggressive nature of MM, early detection is imperative and is of great prognostic relevance (Hamidi et al., 2008; Korner et al., 2013; Nahar et al., 2015). The purpose of this survey study was to evaluate knowledge of the ABCDE criteria among patients with skin cancer in Western New York. This study intended to isolate any deficits in patents' knowledge of the ABCDE criteria and emphasize education on deficient areas. Methodology: Full IRB approval was granted. An anonymous face-validated 19 question survey was administered to eligible participants at a single, private suburban dermatology clinic in Western New York over a period of four weeks by the office staff. Eligibility criteria included any patient above the age of 18 with a confirmed diagnosis of any skin cancer (melanoma and non-melanoma). Survey questions included demographics (i.e. age, gender, race, educational level, number of skin cancer occurrences, and type of skin cancer), and knowledge questions regarding the ABDCE criteria. 113 surveys were collected and analyzed using SPSS. Results: The sample as a whole was composed of mostly male participants (59.3%, n = 67), with a mean age of 70 years, that were mostly Caucasian (96.5%, n = 109). Total number of skin cancer diagnoses per patient was mostly one (40.7%, n = 46) followed by 26.5% (n = 30) of participants reported to have had four or more skin cancer diagnoses. The results of this study also revealed that 86.7% (n = 98) of participants have never heard of the ABCDE criteria. Only one out of nine melanoma patients admitted to having heard of the criteria. When asked about the individual components of the ABCDE criteria, participants had the best knowledge of mole asymmetry (96.5%, n = 109), followed by color (79.7%, n = 90), evolution (74.3%, n = 84), border (71.7%, n = 81), and lastly diameter (69.0%, n = 78). Conclusion: This study provided information about patients with an established history of skin cancer, who reside in Western New York. The study focused on assessing this population's awareness and knowledge of the ABCDE criteria. The ultimate goal was to improve the patient's role in the detection of early MM by providing education with an emphasis on knowledge of the ABCDE criteria. Despite lacking knowledge of the ...
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