The Impact of Longitudinal Outreach Activities on Physician Assistant Students' Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes of Oral Health
AAPA ePoster library. DiBaise M. 05/17/17; 180478; 24
Michelle DiBaise
Michelle DiBaise
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Abstract
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Purpose: Dental caries, the most common chronic infectious disease in childhood, disproportionately affects minority and underserved populations. Almost 1/3 of children in low socioeconomic groups have dental caries, highlighting the unequal access to health and dental services. Poor oral hygiene affects adults; decreasing self-esteem and worsening underlying chronic disease conditions. Dental pain or missing teeth can decrease chewing ability, lead to poor nutrition, and serve as a barrier to employment, increasing the risk of homelessness. An Arizona PA Program integrated an oral health curriculum with experiential learning throughout the didactic year for the Class of 2017 with pre- and post-test surveys focused on oral health and inter-professional education (IPE). Oral health education and care was also provided to at-risk homeless adults at a free clinic and to five Title I elementary schools. The purpose of this project was to assess whether curriculum only versus curriculum with a hands on component improved PA student knowledge, attitudes and skills in the area of oral health. A secondary purpose examined whether provision of curriculum and experiential care in an inter-professional team improved attitudes towards IPE. Description: The project consisted of longitudinal oral health care education and intervention within Maricopa County. The educational arm integrated oral health didactic year education utilizing the Smiles for Life modules and hands-on skills from dentists and dental hygienists. The PA students were taught fluoride varnish application, practicing on each other in the classroom. The students learned how to utilize an oral health craft education box before going out to five Title I elementary schools. Students also had opportunity to provide oral health education and fluoride varnish application at both a health fair with low income families as well as the homeless of Central Phoenix. Program effectiveness was determined by pre- and post-test surveys utilizing a validated survey in four sections to measure core oral health knowledge, attitudes regarding IPE, attitudes towards working with dentistry, and diagnostic and therapeutic skills such as fluoride varnish application. All questions were formulated using a 6-point Likert scale. The pre-test was provided at the PA Program orientation. The post-evaluation survey was conducted at the end of the Spring semester. Results: Pre-test (N=49) and post-test (N=37) scores for the Class...
Purpose: Dental caries, the most common chronic infectious disease in childhood, disproportionately affects minority and underserved populations. Almost 1/3 of children in low socioeconomic groups have dental caries, highlighting the unequal access to health and dental services. Poor oral hygiene affects adults; decreasing self-esteem and worsening underlying chronic disease conditions. Dental pain or missing teeth can decrease chewing ability, lead to poor nutrition, and serve as a barrier to employment, increasing the risk of homelessness. An Arizona PA Program integrated an oral health curriculum with experiential learning throughout the didactic year for the Class of 2017 with pre- and post-test surveys focused on oral health and inter-professional education (IPE). Oral health education and care was also provided to at-risk homeless adults at a free clinic and to five Title I elementary schools. The purpose of this project was to assess whether curriculum only versus curriculum with a hands on component improved PA student knowledge, attitudes and skills in the area of oral health. A secondary purpose examined whether provision of curriculum and experiential care in an inter-professional team improved attitudes towards IPE. Description: The project consisted of longitudinal oral health care education and intervention within Maricopa County. The educational arm integrated oral health didactic year education utilizing the Smiles for Life modules and hands-on skills from dentists and dental hygienists. The PA students were taught fluoride varnish application, practicing on each other in the classroom. The students learned how to utilize an oral health craft education box before going out to five Title I elementary schools. Students also had opportunity to provide oral health education and fluoride varnish application at both a health fair with low income families as well as the homeless of Central Phoenix. Program effectiveness was determined by pre- and post-test surveys utilizing a validated survey in four sections to measure core oral health knowledge, attitudes regarding IPE, attitudes towards working with dentistry, and diagnostic and therapeutic skills such as fluoride varnish application. All questions were formulated using a 6-point Likert scale. The pre-test was provided at the PA Program orientation. The post-evaluation survey was conducted at the end of the Spring semester. Results: Pre-test (N=49) and post-test (N=37) scores for the Class...
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